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The Trio Sonata in 17th-Century Germany



International Record Review: outstanding.

On two previous discs, London Baroque has explored the genre of the trio sonatas as it unfolded in 17th Century France and England. Both these issues have met with great acclaim: the English volume being described in Goldberg Magazine as ‘A programme of outstanding music ... A gem of a disc’, while the French issue received top marks on German website Klassik Heute, with the following words: ‘Everything that one might possibly wish for in a performance of this music is present here: charm, elegance, eloquence, force, flexibility, fire, intimacy, and the most important: soul.’ The ensemble has now arrived in Germany, or more correctly: the German-speaking world of the time, as the programme also features works from the Low Countries and Austria. The great masters of the period, Buxtehude (whose large output only includes a limited number of trio sonatas) and Biber – with one of the sonatas from the collection Harmonia artificiosa-ariosa – are both among the ten composers represented here. But included are also other, less well-known names, such as Johann Schmelzer, the son of a baker in Nether Austria who rose to become the first non-Italian Kapellmeister at the Imperial court in Vienna. Another intriguing life-story is that of Johann Rosenmüller, a predecessor of Bach as church musician at the Nikolaikirche in Leipzig, who after a scandal involving some choirboys fled to Venice where he found employment as trombonist at St Mark's. The great variety of styles and forms found on the disc fully reflect this diversity among the composers, while also serving to remind the listener of the fact that the trio sonata genre was just becoming established during the period.
 
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  Johann Vierdanck
  Suite in A major 7'51
01 Pavan 4'22
02 Gagliarda 1'40
03 Ballo 0'56
04 Correnta 0'53
 
 
  Nicolaus a Kempis
05 Symphonia No.2 ‘Dolorosa’ 4'47
 
 
  Johann Schmelzer
06 Lanterly (Sonate a 3) 5'35
 
 
  Dietrich Becker
07 Sonata No.26 in A major 4'13
 
 
  Johann Rosenmuller
  Sonata in E minor 8'15
08 Grave 1'19
09 Largo 1'30
10 Adagio 1'37
11 Adagio 2'03
12 Largo 1'46
 
 
  Matthias Weckmann
13 Sonata in G major 3'28
 
 
  Carolus Hacquart
  Sonata No.6 in D minor 10'51
14 Allegro moderato – Meno mosso – Chorale (Tranquillo) 1'27
15 Adagio 1'43
16 Adagio 1'37
17 Adagio 1'53
18 Grave – Allegro 0'43
19 Canzona. Vivace – Adagio 2'17
20 Aria. Vivace 1'11
 
 
  Dietrich Buxtehude
  Trio Sonata in G major 9'04
21 Allegro moderato – Meno mosso – Chorale (Tranquillo) 1'57
22 Adagio – Allegro – Adagio – Allegro 1'58
23 Adagio 0'34
24 Allegro 1'52
25 Adagio – Allegro – Adagio – Allegro 2'43
 
 
  Johann Kaspar Kerll
26 Trio Sonata in F major 6'03
 
 
  Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber
  Partita No.6 in D major 11'28
27 Praeludium (Adagio – Allegro) 2'47
28 Aria and variations 7'18
29 Finale (Adagio – Allegro) 1'23
 
  Album total 73'06
EnsembleLondon Baroque
ComposerBecker, Dietrich
Biber, Heinrich Ignaz Franz von
Buxtehude, Dietrich
Hacquart, Carolus
Kempis, Nicolaus a
Kerll, Johann Kaspar
Rosenmuller, Johann
Schmelzer, Johann
Vierdanck, Johann
Weckmann, Matthias

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